Knee replacement, also sometimes called knee arthroplasty, is a medical procedure to replace the heavy-duty weight-bearing portions of the knee joint to alleviate disability and pain. It is typically most often performed for traumatic knee conditions, particularly osteoarthritis and other knee ailments like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis. The replacement surgery relieves pressure on the knee, resulting from arthritis or weak muscles that hold the knee up. A small incision moves the ligaments and the cartilage into the bone to fuse them to strengthen the joint. The healing period varies from patient to patient and can take as much as six months to heal fully.
Knee replacement surgery, however, carries certain risks and benefits. Patients must be in good health to undergo the procedure. Men who are in good physical condition at the time of the surgery may experience increased bone density and better flexibility after the procedure. There is also an increased risk of developing bone fractures if the bone is not well-developed before the operation. The risk of developing a blood clot, which can be life-threatening, also tends to be higher in those who have previous heart attacks or stroke.
Patients who undergo a knee replacement surgery that doesn’t produce good results or develop another serious condition should consider getting a revision procedure or another surgery involving an implant. An implant may provide more stability to a joint, which prevents it from developing osteoarthritis later on. Suppose the original implant failed due to a bacterial infection. In that case, the infection might have been transmitted to the knee replacement bone during the surgical procedure. To prevent this from happening, your doctor will likely prescribe an antibiotic after the procedure.
After knee replacement surgery, most patients must wear a support hose to aid the healing process. During the initial recovery period, the patient will probably be kept sedated with the medication to control pain and swelling. Once the swelling goes down, the doctor may suggest using a brace to keep the bones in the injured area stabilized. A compression garment or support stockings are usually recommended to avoid further injury to the bones while resting. These products should be worn for at least six weeks to ensure proper healing.
A week before the scheduled hospital release, you will be advised by your Knee Replacement Surgeons Adelaide AHKC to stay in the hospital overnight. You will then be able to return to work the following day. The time away from the hospital is dependent on many factors, including the length of time needed to heal, how your knee replacement surgery is performed, and your current state of health. During this time, your surgeon will likely place a custom-made cast on the common area that has been injured. This cast will help you to avoid further injury by limiting the movements of your joints. However, you will still need to be careful when performing activities that require flexion or extension of the joint.
The next step in post-operative care is to use crutches. During recovery, your Knee Replacement Surgeons Adelaide AHKC will take steps to ensure that you can walk and move around on a limited basis. This is to increase your chances of regaining the full function of your legs and keeping the pressure off the damaged cartilage. Your hospital room will probably have unique beds designed specifically for someone recovering from knee replacement surgery. If the hospital offers this type of therapy, you will likely find your bed placed in the far corner of the room.
Two to three weeks after your knee replacement surgery, you will be given a steroid shot to start reducing inflammation. You can be released from the hospital once your infection has disappeared. During this period, you will experience moderate to moderate pain relief as your body begins the natural process of healing. Pain relief medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin are often prescribed to help with the pain. Some doctors may also give you an injection of a corticosteroid to further ease the discomfort.
Knee replacement does not cure knee replacement surgery; it merely provides the patient with much-needed long-term care. Unlike many other types of surgery, this procedure is not only performed to make your life easier, but it is also a means to an end. Your doctor will tell you that you will never replace your joints. However, they can help you manage them to continue to live your life to the fullest. To do this, they must be carefully monitored to ensure that you do not miss any stretches of activity necessary for your rehabilitation. You will also be carefully monitored to ensure that you do not put yourself at risk for infections while you are healing.